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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f2\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f3\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f4\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f5\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f6\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f7\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}{\f8\fswiss\cpg0\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f9\fswiss\cpg1252\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f10\fswiss\cpg1251\fcharset204 Arial;}{\f11\fswiss\cpg1250\fcharset238 Arial;}{\f12\fswiss\cpg1257\fcharset186 Arial;}{\f13\fswiss\cpg1254\fcharset162 Arial;}{\f14\fswiss\cpg1253\fcharset161 Arial;}{\f15\fswiss\cpg1255\fcharset177 Arial;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f1\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl1523\margr1778\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn4795\margrsxn3567\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols2\colno1\colw720\colsr1105\colno2\colw2052 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb14\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-13\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 i yo}\par \column \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 EXTENT OF EMPIRE}\par \sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn1523\margrsxn1778\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60  \pard\plain \sb227\sa0\fs2\par\sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn1523\margrsxn1778\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols2\colno1\colw720\colsr2531\colno2\colw5688 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb763\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-3\f9\cchs0\lang1033\fs18 * *}\par \column \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi0\ri11\sb0\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 (Mysore), Sona and Uttara to Suvarnabhumi (Burma), \expndtw3 Mahadharmaraksita and Maharaksita were sent to \expndtw12 Maharastra and the Yavana country respectively, \expndtw-1 and Asoka's son Mahendra,\super 1\nosupersub  who had become a monk, was sent along with others to Lanka (Ceylon). Subse\-\expndtw4 quently the Emperor's daughter, Samghamitra, is said \expndtw1 to have taken there a branch of the sacred Bodhi Tree. \expndtw3 The propagation and promotion of Buddhism in Aso\-\expndtw-1 ka's time must have largely been due to the zeal and \expndtw4 perseverance of these indefatigable missionaries.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb202\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Extent of Empire}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi482\ri7\sb169\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 It is well known that Kalinga was the only con\-\expndtw6 quest of Asoka. But he had inherited an enormous \expndtw5 empire from his predecessors, and its limits may be \expndtw3 fixed with tolerable accuracy. On the north-west, it \expndtw0 certainly extended to the Hindukush, for there is every \expndtw2 reason to believe that he retained the four satrapies of \expndtw-1 Aria (Herat), Arachosia (Kandahar), Gedrosia (Balu\-\expndtw-3 chistan), and Paropanisaclas (Kabul valley), which were \expndtw1 ceded to his grand-father by Seleukos Nikator. That \expndtw-2 Southern Afghanistan and the frontier regions continued \expndtw-1 to form part of Asoka's vast realm is clear from the find-\expndtw-2 spots of his rock-edicts in Shahbazgarhi (Peshawar dis\-\expndtw0 trict) and Mansehra (Hazara district), as also from the \expndtw3 evidence of Yuan Chwang who refers to the existence \expndtw2 of Asokan \i Stupas \i0 in Kafiristan (Kapisa) and Jalalabad.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li4\fi486\ri14\sb0\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw5\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Further, the inclusion of Kashmir is deposed by \expndtw-1 the Chinese pilgrim, Yuan Chwang, and by Kalhana's \i\expndtw3 ^LcijataranginL \i0 It may be interesting to add here that the foundation of Sritiagara is ascribed to A\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'a3\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 oka, who \expndtw8 is also credited with having built numerous \i Stupas \i0\expndtw0 and \i Caityas \i0 in the valley.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li14\fi389\ri0\sb274\sa0\sl-216\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 1\nosupersub  According to Yuan Chwang and Buddhist works in Sanskrit, \expndtw6 Mahendra was ASoka's brother.}\par }